Gear Restrictions Coming for ProTour?


Editor’s note: veteran journo Alan Coté is known for his work for most of the big cycling magazines distributed in the U.S. He has served as a contributor or editor for Outside, Bicycling, Bicycle Guide, VeloNews and Winning, among others. His sources reach deep into the industry and we were shocked to learn what he reveals in his first piece for RKP. Oh, and for the record, he helped Padraig get his interview at Bicycle Guide.


AIGLE, SWITZERLAND—Details about impending equipment restrictions from the UCI have leaked out in recent weeks. Bicycle racing’s world governing body is ruling over sock length, safety tabs on forks, and more. The sharp, if mysterious, voice over at the Inner Ring posted all the details here.

But in an exclusive interview, Red Kite Prayer has learned from an inside source, who only agreed to speak on condition of anonymity, about a much bigger rule change that’s looking to be implemented starting in 2013 – a rule that could even avalanche to sportifs-type riders as well.

RKP’s source, whom we’ll call Bas Gorge, told us that gear restrictions are being considering for pro level racing. While a maximum gear size has long been in effect for junior racers, the idea has never before been considered for the pro level. What’s even more surprising is that a limit on low gears is also on the table. We spoke to him at his Swiss office on a wet spring day.

On the big cookie side, the UCI considers the matter one of safety – this after early Tour de France stages in 2011 took out the likes of Bradley Wiggins, Tom Boonen, and Chris Horner, to name a few. The UCI created a commission to look at the problem, and one of the resulting recommendations was a gear limit – though this hasn’t been made public.

“We must always keep in mind the sporting criteria, and this is where gear restrictions make certain sense”, Bas Gorge said. “Requiring a maximum gear of say 52 x13 has several advantages. First, it limits top speed in the sprints. Second, it limits top speeds on fast intermediate sections of a typical parcours. Both of these are where crashes occur most often.”

Bas Gorge went on to make a Cold War analogy. “When the US and the Soviets developed atomic missiles that were too powerful, what did they do? They set limits on the size of warheads. There’s a sprinter now called the Manx Missile, yes? The UCI is stepping in with an arms treaty before many people get hurt.”

Bas Gorge went on to explain a third reason for keeping the big meat strictly vegetarian. “Among the UCI management, there is a feeling that current pros lack souplesse.  Sure they may ride faster than ever, but aesthetics of the sport must never be forgotten. With a pedal stroke that is not fluide, a pro can easily look like a beauf.”

While a 52×13 top gear rule may be surprising, what’s even more startling is a gear restriction never before seen in cycling: a limit on how low a pro can go. 39 x 23 is the current target, and Bas Gorge explained the two-part thinking behind this.

“With low gears there is no safety concern, but there is still as always the sporting criteria. And the problem here lies with the speed of the grupetto.”

Indeed, in grand tour mountain stages, the Green Jersey often finishes far behind the stage winner and yellow jersey. For example, in stage 18 of the 2011 Tour de France, which finished atop the Col de Galibier, Green Jersey holder Mark Cavendish crossed the line 35:40 behind stage winner Andy Schleck.

“Pat McQuaid was on the Galibier and he wasn’t happy about freezing his derrière off waiting around for the green jersey podium ceremony,” Bas Gorge said. “In theory, a bigger bottom gear will increase the speed of those riders, as their pedaling frequency won’t drop below its naturally lowest rhythm.”

When RKP questioned the idea that simply using bigger gears on climbs will result in increased speed for the gruppetto – pointing-out that this requires an equivalent increase in power – Bas Gorge cut us off.

“To that, we say that maybe the days are numbered for power meters in competition as well.”

We moved on to asking about part two.

“The second reason behind the low gear rule lies with a different aspect of the sporting criteria,” Bas Gorge said. “For certain mountain stages, pros are fitting compact cranks with 34 tooth inner rings—or even worse, triple cranks. This is the realm not of the professional but of the cyclotourist. Such equipment is grotesque on the machine, and these twiddly gears equate the professional to someone of much lesser ability. The UCI is looking to protect the long-term sponsorship value of the professional.”

Moreover, they’re even considering including these rules for sportif rides like Etape du Tour—though only rides held under UCI sanction would be affected. “These rides are getting too many entrants, especially slow ones. It costs organizers up to €1000 per hour to keep the roads closed, so it may be a way to filter out the weakest from entering.”

We asked about gearing for women’s racing, and Bas Gorge replied with a shrug, “Pfft, I have no idea, the UCI doesn’t pay attention to women’s racing.”

What the UCI clearly is paying attention to is: change.

“Synthetic fiber saddles, plastic waterbottles, shoes without laces  …  where will it stop?”, he asked, stabbing the butt of a cold Gauloise into an UCI-logo ashtray as he stared out the window into the drizzly Swiss sky.

“No one else seems willing to stand in the way of progress and reason, so the UCI must.”



― Alan Coté

April 1, 2012

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  1. Mike

    I’ve actually been thinking that a 52×13 would be a great top gear…for me. For the peloton, it seems definitely too small. I can see making 53×11 the big gear there, that seems more natural. Is the bottom end limitation really a “sporting” consideration, or just the hubris of PM not wanting to stand around?

    Nice article and welcome to RKP.

  2. Mike

    Hmm…well, he certainly got me! That’s what I get for reading blogs after a 12 hour shift, stupid Apr 1st.

  3. Walt S

    Nice job! I fell for it hook, line, and sinker.

    On the other hand, in Formula 1 racing, they do limit the displacement of the engine, etc. Since UCI limits the weight of the bike and every other conceivable thing, lets limit the weight of the rider both in how little or how much he/she can weight to be legal. Or, add weight to the bicycle so that all combinations of rider + bicycle is EXACTLY equal. After going through the entire text of the UCI regulations and their minutia, enforcing the restrictions must take an army of bureaucrats!

  4. Fausto's Schnauzer

    How can you call this impartial reporting when you don’t even mention the proposed ban on synthetic chamois?! Rumor has it that this rule will go into effect just prior to this year’s TdF. Yet another case of how the UCI’s retroids are completely out of touch. Forcing teams to replace the kits of all of their riders at the last minute will surely be a financial and logistical burden. And the post-race official chamois inspections that are part of the proposal will be yet another intrusion into the racers personal privacy.

    To ignore such a draconian rule leads me to suspect that YOU Mr. Cote have something to gain. Are you associated with a cycling-wear manufacturer that is already geared up to return to traditional natural chamois? Or perhaps you’re bucking to be an inspector for the womens races? Surely something is amiss!

  5. Jank


    I was biting until the discussion of the low gear – ready to be outraged, cause even I can spin out a 52×13 on occasion.

    RKP FTW.

  6. Mark

    And I quote, as it were,

    “No one else seems willing to stand in the way of progress and reason, so the UCI must.”


  7. DavidA

    I heard that they are restricting all DS,mechanics and support crew to only being able to smoke BELGA brand cigs during Flanders classics week next year.

  8. DJ

    This isn’t fair. Any post about UCI rulings always seems like an April fools joke at first, but always turns out to be true, need I remind you of the sock length rule. So from UCI perspective, this probably isn’t too far off, but very creative anyway.

  9. Andrew Graves

    Yeah, lets eliminate mechanical support as well. I want to see some pro riders with tires over their shoulders like the olden days! How about the pros working at the blacksmiths to repair their bikes ( of course steel would be mandatory).
    Dust off that old Eddie B. book! All the riders will also be required to eat a variety of meats such as horse, mutton, venison.

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